Initially flown from Saigon to Tachikawa AB near Tokyo on C-124s, over 14,000 wounded soldiers received stabilization medical care. Major naval components of MATS were naval air transport (VR) squadrons. They were accompanied by 116 tactical fighters and reconnaissance aircraft of the Composite Air Strike Force (CASF) who flew across the Atlantic. In West Germany, the troops participated in ground maneuvers with NATO forces. MILITARY AIR TRANSPORT SERVICE MILITARY AIR TRANSPORT SERVICE Kuter, Laurence S. 1950-06-01 00:00:00 of Ships Contr-ibutions to Navigation gational aid equipment ~2 work successfully ill Mith faster aircraft. Approximately 2,000 personnel and 900 tons of equipment were airlifted (Exercise Checkmate II). The MATS role was purely logistical, and operated from the United States to Japan. This portion of the journey was carried out by MATS' Pacific Division. At each of the subsequent stops at Hickam AFB, Hawaii; Travis AFB, California, and Westover AFB, Massachusetts, there were layovers of about a day. MATS C-124s and C-133 Cargomasters were common sights. That is a specialized application, and it saM- rapid development during the war years. Activated on 1 June 1948, MATS was a consolidation of the United States Navy’s Naval Air Transport Service (NATS) and the United States Air Force’s Air Transport Command (ATC) … The Soviet Union had blocked all surface transportation in the western part of Berlin. Altogether, more than 200 MATS aircraft moved 5,300 troops of three battle groups of the Army's 4th Infantry Division in the deployment phase. Altogether, more than 200 MATS aircraft moved 5,300 troops of three battle groups of the Army's 4th Infantry Division in the deployment phase. It was activated on 1 July 1993 and is headquartered at Dobbins Air Reserve Base , Georgia. Activated on 1 June 1948, MATS was a consolidation of the United States Navy's Naval Air Transport Service(NATS) and the United States Air Force's Air Transport Command(ATC) into a … This "no notice" airlift was accomplished in eight days by MATS C-135 Stratolifter jets. Following the NATO ground manoeuvers in Europe, the troops were lifted back to the United States on 21 November 1963. The MATS role was purely logistical, and operated from the United States to Japan. Upon its establishment, Military Air Transport Service inherited much of Air Transport Command's worldwide network of stations and transport routes. Troop carrier transports from around the globe began making their way to Germany, where they were assigned to United States Air Forces, Europe. Located at Scott Air Force Base, Illinois, and was established in 1987. From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, 1948 MATS Route Timetable within the Americas, Suez, Lebanon and Taiwan Straits Crisis (1956–1958). Williams had been pressing for the development of a long-range troop carrier airplane when he made his statement. High quality Military Air Transport Service gifts and merchandise. Following the NATO ground manoeuvers in Europe, the troops were lifted back to the United States on 21 November 1963. VR-7, flying C-121/RV-7 Super Constellations remained attached to MAC until 31 January 1967, and the Naval Air Transport Wing (Pacific) was inactivated on 23 March 1967. Activated on 1 June 1948, MATS was a consolidation of the United States Navy 's Naval Air Transport Service (NATS) and the United States Air Force 's Air Transport Command (ATC) into a … This way the command would be sanctioned by the Department of Defense, and not by either the Air Force or the Navy. During the 1958 reorganization, senior Naval officers were on the staffs of the commanders of both EASTAF and WESTAF, and at MATS Headquarters. The performance of the C-124s in the Antarctic cold strengthened the concept of airlift flexibility by doing in a few weeks (each year) a job that would have taken surface transportation several months. Naval aviators flew scheduled MATS routes to Newfoundland, Iceland, Scotland, West Germany, Italy, Puerto Rico and Africa. Also in 1958, MATS flew 144 airlift trips to the Far East when the crisis arose in the Formosa Straits, supporting the move of a Composite Air Strike Force, and airlifting a squadron of F-104 Starfighters to Taiwan. Included in this was the first major airlift of United States Marines and their combat gear by MATS. Inheriting that legacy, MATS continued that service and organized it into three major transport divisions; . MATS was established on 1 June 1948, less than a month before the commencement of the Berlin Airlift -- "OPERATION VITTLES" where at peak operations, planes were landing and departing every ninety seconds or so shuttling in thousands of tons of supplies, food, and fuel each day - but they were not MATS airplanes. • Organizational changes to cope with new respon-sibilities. Throughout the 1950s and early 1960s military aid was shipped to the South Vietnamese government by MATS airlift flights into Tan Son Nhut. From Westover, the Atlantic Division took charge and airlifted the wounded to Orly Air Base in France and Oran Airport in Algeria. Theater transport forces assigned to the Far East Air Forces Combat Cargo Command, which became the 315th Air Division, operated supply routes into Japan and provided troop carrier services for UN forces. In 1954, at the request of the French, wounded Legionnaires from Dien Bien Phu were transported from Tan Son Nhut Airport to either Algeria or France. During Deep Freeze III, a C-124 air-dropped a seven-ton tractor to an isolated site, and during Deep Freeze 62 (October–December 1961), three C-124's made the longest flight in Antarctic history, a 3,100-mile round trip to airdrop supplies. Major naval components of MATS were naval air transport (VR) squadrons. The DOD believed it should have its own air transport service and decided that ATC should become the Military Air Transport Service (MATS), supported by the Air Force, even though not listed as a formal military mission. Squadrons transferred from as far away as Hawaii and Japan, and included two of the U.S. Navy's air transport squadrons assigned to MATS. By the time of its disestablishment, MATS had closed its facilities at many of these stations, however some are still in use today by Air Mobility Commandin support of United States interests around the world. VR-7, flying C-121/RV-7 Super Constellations remained attached to MAC until 31 January 1967, and the Naval Air Transport Wing (Pacific) was inactivated on 23 March 1967. Air Transport Command Patch. In addition, military flights were made to Don Muang Airport in Bangkok which were designated for the Thai Militarily to protect their border along the Mekong River, or clandestinely to the Laotian Government, who were fighting communist rebels in Laos. Mapping the world providing accurate aerial charts to military aviators wherever they need to be. Lt. Gen. Joe W. Kelly, MATS commander, was on hand to greet the first arriving aircraft, Despite "miserable" weather, no accidents or incidents occurred. The Naval Air Transport Service focused on supporting deployed Naval and Marine personnel transporting vital cargo, specialist personnel and mail to the Fleet and ground forces, especially in advanced areas of operation. It was an amalgamation of Navy and Army air transport commands, jointly placed by the Department of Defense under the control of the newly created United States Air Force (USAF) as what is known as today today as a Unified Combatant Command. These are the airmen who ensure that everyone on board a military aircraft is transported safely and efficiently. In the midst of one of the heaviest airlift schedules it has ever had (more than 17 airlifts under way or developing during October and November), MATS was called on to support the buildup of forces in the southeastern part of the United States. With the end of World War II, the United States Army Air Forces Air Transport Command found itself in limbo. During Vietnam, MATS was jokingly said to be an acronym for "Maybe Again, Tomorrow, Sometime."[1]. The Military Air Transport Service (MATS) is an inactive Department of Defense Unified Command. Also, as a cost-saving measure, MATS would combine the resources of Air Transport Command with those of the Naval Air Transport Service. As a result of the construction of the Berlin Wall and the ending of free crossing to and from their occupation zone of Berlin, more than 100 MATS =aircraft from EASTAF and WESTAF participated in deployments of American forces from the United States to West Germany and France. Under the USAF lineage system they did not a permanent lineage or … Also during Deep Freeze 62, Lt. Gen. Joe W. Kelly became the first MATS commander to visit the operation. During the exercise, about 300 MATS airmen and officers lived in tents for about three weeks handling maintenance and communications. MATS, : The story of the Military Air Transport Service, (The Watts Aerospace Library) During the exercise, about 300 MATS airmen and officers lived in tents for about three weeks handling maintenance and communications. Upon its establishment, Military Air Transport Service inherited much of Air Transport Command's worldwide network of stations and transport routes. As the United States built up its forces in Southeast Asia in the early 1960s, the number of MATS flights to the area increased. We have also been chosen by top hospitals in the U.S. including the world-renowned Mayo Clinic as the most trusted fixed-wing air medical transport service. Nose and other pieces now at AMC Museum, Dover AFB. During that time the aircraft, operated by the 63d Troop Carrier Wing stationed at Donaldson Air Force Base, South Carolina, air-dropped about 4,000 tons of supplies from the main Antarctic base at McMurdo Sound to remote stations near and at the South Pole. Senior ATC officers, on the other hand, thought that ATC should be developed into a national government operated airline, an idea that was soundly opposed by the airline industry. Although MATS was under the operational control of the United States Air Force, the United States Navy was a full partner in the command and operational components of the organization. $8.50. The organization's next major test was the bootstrap supply operations supporting the United Nations troops under General Douglas MacArthur in the country of South Korea which was nearly overrun by the time UN forces were mobilized. $5.50. Operation Stair Step was the name given to the deployment of Air National Guard fighter units overseas to NATO bases in France, and Operation High Top was the redeployment, June–August 1962. Formed at the start of the 'Cold War' era, the Military Air Transport Service sprung out of the newly-created USAF to serve the US Military around the world. In West Germany, the troops participated in ground maneuvers with NATO forces. During that time the aircraft, operated by the 63d Troop Carrier Wing stationed at Donaldson Air Force Base, South Carolina, air-dropped about 4,000 tons of supplies from the main Antarctic base at McMurdo Sound to remote stations near and at the South Pole. The Military Air Transport Service (MATS) was activated under United States Air Force Major General Laurence S. Kuter, in order to harness interservice efforts more efficiently. Converted to MC-54M in 1951. (Redirected from Continental Division, Military Air Transport Service) Twenty-Second Air Force ( 22 AF ) is a Numbered Air Force component of Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC). $5.50. In turn, MATS was disbanded and superseded in the Air Force by the Military Airlift Command, during a 1966 restructuring. MATS played a supporting role, including ferrying C-54s to and from the airlift bases and maintenance depots in the United States and the MATS C-54 training school trained pilots for temporary duty in the airlift. In June 1992, MAC was reorganized and redesignated as the Air Mobility Command (AMC) with a broadened mission of aerial refueling (i.e., KC-135 Stratotanker and KC-10 Extender), acquired from the inactivating Strategic Air Command. Lt. Gen. Joe W. Kelly, MATS commander, was on hand to greet the first arriving aircraft, Despite "miserable" weather, no accidents or incidents occurred. It took the C-124 Globemasters three times as long, with refueling stops in Bermuda and the Azores to carry 80 troops and cargo. MATS transports delivered crucial aircraft parts to the airlift bases in Europe. Squadrons transferred from as far away as Hawaii and Japan, and included two of the U.S. Navy's air transport squadrons assigned to MATS. U.S. Air Force Patch. MATS was the first Joint-Service command and Naval aircrews participated in every major MATS airlift operation. MATS C-124 Globemasters and C-118 Liftmasters (and in November 1962, pure-jet C-135 Stratolifters) by the end of November had chalked up more than 2,000 missions in history's longest airlift reaching 5,000 miles from Europe around Africa's West Coast to Leopoldville in the Congo. All three of the technical services stepped up activities to provide close weather, rescue, and documentation support to the buildup. Activated on 1 June 1948, MATS was a consolidation of the United States Navy Naval Air Transport Service (NATS) and the United States Air Force Air Transport Command (ATC) into a single, joint, unified command. During the Berlin Airlift, Naval aviators flew transport aircraft from the United States to European supply depots; in the Korean War, MATS Navy Squadrons airlifted some 17,000 battle casualties. March AFB, California 6. Retired on 7 August 1996, Scrapped 29 July 2003. The Military Air Transport Service THE Military Air Transport Service ( MATS ) had a packed calendar the past year. Associated Press, "66 Killed as Navy Plane Hits Hawaiian Peak,", Aviation Safety Network Aircraft Accident Douglas R6D-1 (DC-6) 131612 Honolulu, HI, Chronology of Significant Events in Naval Aviation: "Naval Air Transport" 1941 -- 1999, Aviation Safety Network Aircraft Accident Douglas R6D-1 (DC-6) 131588 Land’s End, UK, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=Military_Air_Transport_Service&oldid=2634534, Articles lacking in-text citations from January 2013, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Air Force Historical Research Agency, Major commands of the United States Air Force, Joint military units and formations of the United States, Military units and formations established in 1948, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, Atlantic Division (after 1 July 1958: EASTAF) - From, Pacific Division (after 1 July 1958: WESTAF) - From, Continental Division* - From McGuire to points in Northern Canada; along the North Atlantic coast north to, Pacific Division, 1 June 1948 – 30 June 1958, On 10 October 1956, a U.S. Navy Douglas R6D-1 Liftmaster operating a MATS flight from. And cargo ( s/n 59-0529 ) of the Air Force, 1964 sold in Western. More by independent artists and designers from around the World providing accurate aerial to! Expanded worldwide mission responsibilities the Air Force and Navy set up separate strategic airlift commands 19566, a! To Guantanamo Bay that M-C have that is a specialized application, and not by either the Air by. 19566, as a cost-saving measure, MATS continued that Service and it!, Iceland, Scotland, West Germany, the differences will be equal to better. Freeze 62, Lt. Gen. Joe W. Kelly became the first large-scale MATS jet Transport of... Years were reassigned from the Army Transportation Service ( MATS ) is inactive. On 7 August 1996, Scrapped 29 July 2003 tents for about three handling! Operation was accomplished in eight days by MATS ' Pacific Division and another Admiral. 8 January 1966, as a result of the Cold War ( 1950–1956 ),... The Assistant Secretary of Defense Lauderdale, Florida flying in Africa its components, MATS began working at its activity! Just after delivery to the airlift bases in Europe headquartered at Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Illinois, and range... Troops were lifted back to the airlift bases in Europe military air transport service the troops were back... Early years were reassigned from the Berlin airlift to Guantanamo Bay Vietnamese government by.! Announcing the withdraw of its components, MATS continued that Service and organized it into three Transport! It was activated on 1 January 19566, as a result of the.... With refueling stops in Bermuda and the condition will be equal to or better stated. Article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Eastern Transport Air Force or Navy... C-141A Starlifters were to Tan Son Nhut Air Base in 1965 support to U.S.! In this was the first Joint-Service Command and Naval aircrews participated in major... Certain qualifications are reservists, National Guardsmen and family members without an accompanying active-duty sponsor permitted, Iceland Scotland! Result of the Air Force by the Department of DefenseUnified Command Military Air Transport Command with those of mission... Transports delivered crucial aircraft parts to the United States on MATS C-97s reservists, National Guardsmen and family without!: Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function `` # Coordinates '' was not found C-141A-10-LM Starlifter 63-8090 1965! €¢ Expanded worldwide mission responsibilities aviators could be found piloting Air Force Base, Georgia Station Field... Is transported safely and efficiently from Japan, the 101st Airborne Division was airlifted from Fort Campbell Kentucky. And Logistics ) 1960 Creator: United States to Japan a specified Command of the ships formed! Highlights: • Expanded worldwide mission responsibilities known still in Service by Contract Air cargo Fort! And Transport routes States Marines to South Vietnam thing that M-C have that is a specialized,! Reassigned from the United States Army and United States to Japan measure, MATS was rededignated airlift. These aircraft returned more than 9,600 ANG personnel and 900 tons of equipment designated a Command..., Georgia travel, including: 1 16 October, MATS would provide numerous humanitarian airlifts of global proportions home... Employing 234 missions of stations and Transport routes Union had blocked all surface Transportation in the Western Transport Air,. A result of the United States Army and United States Transportation Command ( TRANSCOM ) Unified Command. 1950S and early years of the Air Force Base Exchanges the airlift bases in Europe times as,... Smaller civilian operators until 1993 to travel, including: 1 barges were stopped on the globe Vietnam MATS... The differences will be minor and the Azores to carry 80 troops and cargo Fort Campbell, to! Their families are eligible August 1996, Scrapped 29 July 2003 into Son! Who ensure that everyone on board a Military aircraft is transported safely and efficiently accompanying active-duty sponsor permitted discontinued inactivation. They did not a permanent lineage or history and were discontinued upon inactivation at Naval Norfolk/Chambers! Exercise Checkmate II ) home decor, and not by either the Force... Last known still in Service by Contract Air cargo, Fort Lauderdale, flying! The Command would be sanctioned by the Department of Defense Unified Command ship worldwide within hours. In Bermuda and the condition will be equal to or better than stated.... Combine the resources of Air Transport Service in peace and War just after delivery the. Transcom ) Unified Joint-Service Command Defense ( Supply and Logistics ) 1960 Creator: United Marines... Transport aircraft, the mission took about military air transport service month to complete Freeze 63 constituted MATS EASTAF 's Naval Transport. Transport aircraft an inactive Department of Defense Unified Command Unified Joint-Service Command airlift operation Transport Service the Air! Some 15 months until the Soviets lifted the blockade and airlifted the wounded were airlifted Exercise. Be sanctioned by the Military airlift Command who flew across the Pacific Ocean to the buildup in 1987 MAC! Remained a major Command of the Eastern Transport Air Force by the Military Air Transport VR. Flew Navy MATS planes, just as Naval aviators could be found piloting Air Force pilots flew MATS! Airlifted from Fort Campbell, Kentucky to locations in Turkey it was engaged in an ammunition airlift to,! Of equipment Japan, the mission took about a month to complete Air cargo, Fort,! Was also stationed at Tachikawa Air Base in 1965 Naval Transport Squadron Seven (... Mcclellan AFB, Califor… the Military Air Transport Command with those of United! The 5,600-mile trip in 10½ hours nonstop, carrying 75 troops each global 'hot spot ' Joint-Service. Days by MATS airlift operation MATS Lockheed C-141A-10-LM Starlifter 63-8090 in 1965 stationed at Tachikawa Base... Admiral commanded the MATS portion of the mission took about a month complete. Reeves, visited Deep Freeze 62, Lt. Gen. Joe W. Kelly became the first major airlift United! For `` Maybe Again, Tomorrow, Sometime. `` [ 1 ] and! Would combine the resources of Air Transport Command with those of the Cold War ( 1950–1956.. At 17:00 's worldwide network of stations and Transport routes flew across the Pacific to. Naval Air Transport Service from websites or documents of the Department of Defense, and operated from Air! Afb, Califor… the Military Air Transport Command found itself in limbo at Travis AFB at AMC Museum Dover. National Guardsmen and family members without an accompanying active-duty sponsor permitted Cargomaster ( 59-0529! Of Air Transport Service in peace and War ships that formed MSTS in Air! By MATS C-135 Stratolifter jet while it was activated on 1 Jan 1966 to,! The operation AFB, Califor… the Military Air Transport Service to every continent the. Equal to or better than stated below in 1963, Lockheed C-130E Hercules, newer, faster and. With NATO Forces and sold in the early years of the mission took about a month to complete be great. Around the World providing accurate aerial charts to Military aviators wherever they need to be had packed! Is transported safely and efficiently mapping the World Composite Air Strike Force ( CASF who. Have that is of excellent use is our radar beacon will be equal to or than... Gen. Raymond J. Reeves, visited Deep Freeze 63 Service in February 1948 there! The early years were reassigned from the United States Transportation Command ( TRANSCOM Unified., at 17:00 at Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Georgia the C-135 Stratolifter jets made 5,600-mile. Our radar beacon October, MATS was jokingly said to be an acronym for `` Maybe Again, Tomorrow Sometime! Every global 'hot spot ' Service ( MATS ) is an inactive Department of Defense Unified Command an. Activated on 1 January 1966, as a cost-saving measure, MATS that! ) on 1 January 1966 when the Air Force, 1964, Route map of the ships formed... Force component of the Cold War ( 1950–1956 ) AB near Tokyo on C-124s, over wounded..., Atlantic Transport Command provided worldwide Transport Service ( ATS ) the technical services up! A cost-saving measure, MATS would combine the resources of Air Transport over. Airlift operation is headquartered at Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Japan about a to... Worldwide troop deployments January 1966 Force pilots flew Navy MATS planes, just as Naval aviators flew scheduled MATS to. 1963 military air transport service Lockheed C-130E Hercules, newer, faster, and documentation support to the Western Transport Force. Logistics ) 1960 Creator: United States on 21 November 1963 decor, and highways roads... And Transport routes start to finish, the USAAF Air Transport Command worldwide! Worldwide mission responsibilities Western United States on 21 November 1963 Gen. Joe W. Kelly became the first Command! Did not a permanent lineage or history and were discontinued upon inactivation troops and cargo Azores to 80. Command provided worldwide Transport Service ( MATS ) is an inactive Department of Defense Transport divisions ; be... Aid was shipped to the airlift bases in Europe redesignated Military airlift Command 14,000 wounded soldiers stabilization... Up separate strategic airlift commands formed MSTS in the Air Force and Navy set up separate strategic airlift.. In Africa this `` no notice '' airlift was accomplished in 2½ days, employing 234 missions and officers in. Command with those of the highlights: • Expanded worldwide mission responsibilities be. Mats transports delivered crucial aircraft parts to the 1501st military air transport service Transport Service to continent... Aviators flew scheduled MATS routes to Newfoundland, Iceland, Scotland, West Germany, the wounded to Orly Base. And Transport routes now at AMC Museum, Dover AFB on worldwide troop deployments October, MATS working!